How To Fetch Data Before Rendering In React JS — Updated

Sergio Van Dam
2 min readJul 2, 2023
React JS

In React.js, you can fetch data before mounting and components using various techniques, in order to display components require the fetched data before being displayed, the data must be fetched before mount, mounting means putting elements into the DOM. React has four built-in methods that gets called, in this order, when mounting a component: constructor() getDerivedStateFromProps() render().

Functional Components App

A functional component in a React app is a JavaScript function that returns JSX (JavaScript XML) to define the structure and behavior of a user interface element. It is a simpler and more lightweight alternative to class components. Functional components allow you to write reusable and stateless code by using hooks like useState and useEffect to manage component state and lifecycle effects. They are widely used in modern React development due to their simplicity and readability.

If your app is functional components based, use the useEffect hook, and fetch your data within the hook which is executed, before mount.

Here are a few common approaches depending on whether your react app is class based or functional:

Class-Based React App

For class components, you can also use async/await inside the componentDidMount method to fetch data, but it won’t fetch the data before rendering, instead it will trigger a re-render, note that the method componentWillMount has been deprecated. the only way to fetch data before rendering is using the useEffect hook. Nevertheless using componentDidMount can be ideal for certain cases.

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Sergio Van Dam

I write about tech, engineering, marketing and personal-growth.